Chemical Research in Chinese Universities ›› 2024, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 3-19.doi: 10.1007/s40242-024-3259-6

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Recent Advances in Biomass-derived Porous Carbon Materials: Synthesis, Composition and Applications

ZHAI Ziqi1, LU Yumiao1,2, LIU Guangyong1, DING Wei-Lu1,2, CAO Bobo1,2, HE Hongyan1,2,3   

  1. 1. CAS Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Mesoscience and Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Ionic Liquids Clean Process, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China;
    3. Longzihu New Energy Laboratory, Zhengzhou Institute of Emerging Industrial Technology, Zhengzhou 450000, P. R. China
  • Received:2023-11-24 Online:2024-02-01 Published:2024-01-24
  • Contact: LIU Guangyong, HE Hongyan;
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2021YFB3802600), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 22278396, 22378392, 22178344), the Project of the Youth Innovation Promotion Association, CAS (No. Y2021022), and the Open Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Mesoscience and Engineering, China (No. MESO-23-D17).

Abstract: Porous carbon materials (PCMs) play a pivotal role in diverse applications, such as energy storage, adsorption, catalysis, environmental remediation, and microwave adsorption. The selection of carbon precursors, in particular, is crucial for tailoring porous structures with specific functionalities. Biomass, with its rich carbon feedstock, abundant availability, renewability, and versatile structures, has emerged as a promising precursor for porous carbon material synthesis. This review comprehensively summarizes the recent advances in biomass-derived porous carbon materials (BPCMs) encompassing synthetic strategy, morphology, structural composition, and multiple applications. We first review synthetic approaches aiming at regulating porosity, followed by morphological and composition features of BPCMs, with a special emphasis on elucidating the dimensional clarification and heteroatom doping effects. The discussion then extends to the wide-ranging applications of BPCMs, covering energy-related applications and CO2 adsorption to environmental remediation. Finally, the review outlines the existing challenges and prospects in the field. In summary, this review systematically describes BPCMs and provides valuable guidance for researchers to select and synthesize BPCMs that meet specific functional requirements.

Key words: Biomass, Porous carbon, Pyrolysis, Heteroatom-doping, Supercapacitor, CO2 adsorption